Team name: Mozzie squad Full names: Chaminka Danidu Kudagamage, Mahamayagoda Arachchige Ayanka Wijayawardena, Mahamayagoda Arachchige Nimal Denzil Wijayawardena.
Team leaders name: Chaminka Danidu Kudagamage
End users: University of Newcastle, City councils, wider public
This proposal aims to stop the mosquito breeding through disrupting their life cycle. We provide mosquitoes with habitats or mini- ponds to safely lay eggs. These man-made places will be an environmentally friendly metal pots or terracotta pots, mouth covered with a 2-3 mm net filled with water. This gives a good opportunity for mosquitoes to lay eggs. After they lay eggs, they will grow in our man made environment stage by stage; Larva, Pupa and it will try to complete the cycle and leave as a full grown mosquito of 4-8 mm in length, but due to its size, it will get trapped inside this man made environment.
We need to keep these types of pots around university buildings, open areas (picnic areas), pathways, bus stops, car parks and surrounding bush areas. One pilot trial was performed near ATC building using one mini pond with 30 L of tap water. After 3 weeks, the net was removed and water was filtered through 500 um sieve, and sediments were collected into a 3 L beaker with tap water. The beaker was closely monitored for one week and it was observed there were more than ten thousand Lava in 3L beaker. This trial showed one such mini pond can prevent more than ten thousand mosquitoes escaping into the surrounding environment. I think these findings of my pilot experiment, is a silver lining in the Mosquito control research.
Next phase with $5000 funding from UON; Use five model man made mini ponds for four weeks and allow mosquitoes to breed there and cover them with a tent made out of 2 mm pore size nets to observe whether any mozzies are escaping from our mini pond. Build 20 mini ponds around the Callaghan campus and run for four weeks and check for the results. This includes checking how many larvae have hatched out of eggs and how many adults formed and their size when they got trapped.
The optimum places will be above ground level, around the buildings. Twenty pots per a floor area of 1000 m2 building would be ideal. In the open areas (bus stops, car parks, pathways, etc.) safely placed below ground level pots or above ground level pots (maybe decorated pots to provide an aesthetic value) hanging 1.5m above ground level from trees would be ideal.
Items required Pots 10000 (Without holes in the bottom) 2-3mm net 900m2 Cable tight 10000 Garden Spade 50
How to do after receiving $50,000 in funding Ask university students, staff and their families to sign up for this worthy cause happening at the UON Community Garden on one of the Saturday or a Sunday morning and group them into 10 member team with a team leader. Each team would be given instruction and area to complete the job with pots. University will provide meals through Unifood with a mobile food truck. If possible, Uni will pay each participants $100 irrespective of their age for the worthy cause. This will be a family fun day with exercise and problem solving.
2-3mm nets $5000 Cable tight $1000 Garden Spade $2000
Total cost will be around $45,000 including products, manpower and refreshments No of dates needed for the initiation of the project is just 1-2 days.
This idea is unique compared to the conventional Mosquito trapping methods, no hazardous chemicals will be used which could potentially harm other important organisms int the environment and will be targeting only Mozzies. After the first installation, there is no need to check the ponds weekly or monthly. They are environmental friendly, hazard free, and do not require any power, and also automatically the rain water will be filled into the ponds during the rainy season giving suitable breeding grounds (traps) for the mosquitoes. Most of all, this is very economical and cost effective and therefore can be adopted by low budget programs and also can be installed withing 2-3 days as a part of family fun activity. Furthermore, during hot weather, these ponds will be useful as water resources for wild animals.
Previously two members of our team were winners of $500 School locker vouchers from the Idea sparks challenge on Mozzies. So with this experience and our well thought and pilot studied experiment we think this project will be very successful.