It was not so easy, and it seems that things did not change very much, and it's still very difficult and tedious to connect Chainlink nodes to a Substrate chain.
Maybe that's why no Polkadot/Kusama parachain is using Chainlink as an Oracle in 2022... (well I did not find any)
Maybe it's time to change that, and use the power of native cross chain messaging and parachains specialization to bring accurate price feeds to Substrate in a simpler way.
That's what the SubLink project is about :)
What it does
SubLink is a substrate parachain, connected to some Chainlink nodes, and configured to retrieve and store assets prices (aka Price feeds) from these nodes. The bridge configuration between Chainlink nodes and the parachain is done only for the SubLink parachain. Price values are retrieved from different external sources, and aggregated/consolidated on chain.
As a parachain, SubLink is able to send these price feeds to others parachains connected to the same relay chain. This is done through the exchange of messages following the XCM format, and the others parachains don't need to get connected to any Chainlink nodes.
How I built it
Play with the Chainlink Price feeds pallet
Since 2020, the Chainlink Polkadot bridge has been enhanced to include a pallet dedicated to price feeds.
I dedicated some time to understand, update and experience this new pallet, and to get my first price feed updated on a substrate node.
Convert my local chain to a parachain
Get price feeds in ink! contract
My ultimate goal was to get price feed in ink! smartcontract, so I decided to first check I will be able to do it on my new parachain before introducing XCM.
I looked at some examples of ink! chain extension on GitHub to learn how this thing work, and build a minimalist chain extension to bridge the Chainlink Price feed pallet to ink! contract.
Implement cross chains messaging for price feeds
With the use of this tutorial, I crafted a new SubLink XCM pallet to deal with message exchange to carry price request and values.
I added a second parachain (Defi Example Parachain) to be able to test this new pallet, and exchange price feeds between this parachain and the SubLink parachain.
Get price feeds in ink! contract but through XCM
The final step was to use the previous ink! chain extension in the Defi Example Parachain: instead of using the Chainlink pallet, the extension relies on a SubLink Parachain Oracle that exposes the same interface of the Chainlink Pallet, but uses the SubLink XCM pallet to get the price feeds from the SubLink parachain.
Putting all things together online
Well, this project needs a lot of elements to get the simpliest use case ready :
- At least one chainlink node with 3 jobs to get prices from 3 different sources
- The relay chain with 2 validators
- The SubLink parachain with 2 collators
- The Defi Example parachain with one collator
- A custom Polkadot JS apps that displays only the 3 chains
- A custom Contracts UI application to connect to the Defi Example parachain
- We need 3 differents Substrate Adapters to update prices on the SubLink chain from these 3 jobs
- An external initiator to trigger Chainlink jobs
- An Nginx reverse proxy to rule them all
- A Gitpod environment to demonstrate the ink! contract build online
All these elements have been deployed in a cloud Kubernetes cluster.
For technical reasons, the source code has been splitted in several repositories:
- SubLink Parachain
- Chainlink Pricefeed Pallet Updated
- SubLink Pallets
- Defi Example Parachain
- ink! Sample Contract
- Chainlink Substrate Adapter Updated
- Contracts UI
- Polkadot JS Apps
Challenges I ran into
The main challenge I faced was the time constraint, as I started the hackathon a little bit too late, with only a couple of spare time days.
So I had to do it quickly, and had to make numerous shortcuts, hacks and workarounds :(
Technical challenges were related to the use of new Substrate features like XCM and ink! chain extensions.
What I learned
During this hackathon, I learned a lot about Parachains and XCM. It was a good way to deep dive into these stuffs.
What's next for SubLink
There is still a huge work to do to have a minimal viable parachain, and some concerns need to be adressed (non limitated list):
- Tokenomics is part of the game: how incentivize chainlink operators to connect to the SubLink parachain ? Is the Oracle service provided by SubLink a free service for others parachains ?
- Adapters and External initiator deployment need to be simplified and improved
- To be honest, I don't know how this will/could scale with hundreds of nodes reporting hundreds of feeds dispatched on hundreds of parachains...
- Feed update : need to find a way to update price values only when needed, both at the report side (from Chainlink nodes, as it's done on Ethereum) and for the XCM dispatching
This project could become a common good parachain for every others parachain on Kusama/Polkadot, bringing asset prices to everyone very easily. We could imagine having democratic features to select nodes or new feeds to be available, or even integrate others Oracle. A sort of meta Substrate Oracle, but sounds like I should not say that in a Chainlink hackathon right ? ;)
Well, I cant' predict the future, but I can say I definitely enjoyed these few days spent in this Chainlink/Polkadot world :pray:
Thank you for reading me.