According to the Stanford Open Policing Project, police in the United States pull over more than 50,000 drivers in a typical day. Black and Hispanic drivers are stopped and searched more often than white drivers; for instance, in 2020 black drivers were stopped at a rate of 0.10 per capita by state patrols, compared to 0.07 for white drivers.

Such disparities highlight the critical need for a tool that empowers drivers with knowledge about their rights and offers a measure of accountability in police interactions. Our app, "Power to the People," is designed to meet this essential need, providing reliable information and support to drivers during these often stressful and uncertain encounters​.

What it does

"Power to the People" is a streamlined mobile app designed for use during police traffic stops. With a simple press and hold of the "I'm Being Pulled Over" button, the app displays legal guidelines, starts recording the interaction using both front and rear cameras, and securely saves the footage to the device for future review.

We were also working on an emergency contacts feature that would notify contacts by text when the "I'm Being Pulled Over" button is activated. Given more time, we would've implemented this feature along with cloud backups, video sharing, and location tagging. We were also planning on implementing a database with varying laws for different states.

How we built it

The app uses Swift and SwiftUI as well as a variety of iOS frameworks including AVFoundation and SwiftData. We also utilized a Python script using the smtplib library as an experimental way to send messages to the emergency contacts.

Challenges we ran into

For the native app, we spent a lot of time figuring out how to use AVFoundation to record video. One core feature of the app is that it will record using the front and back cameras simultaneously, which we had to account for. Other than that, it was a matter of managing recordings stored in the app container and defining our data types through SwiftData.

For the emergency contact messaging, we ran into problems running the Python script through serverless Applications like Azure and Cloudflare Workers. Our current solution (currently not connected to the app) is to call a website that runs the Python script that sends it to predetermined users since we were unable to connect the emergency contacts to the message script.

Accomplishments that we're proud of

We're proud of the Figma design and Swift-based interface for the app. We're also proud of the native technologies we learned while making the app, which we previously didn't have experience with.

What we learned

We learned how to work with iOS native frameworks including AVFoundation and SwiftData. We also experimented with different ways of creating a backend for our app, although we didn't get to integrating it with the app.

What's next for Power to the People

We hope to implement more accessibility-related features such as audio recordings containing basic information and answers to frequently asked questions in cases where users are not able to speak due to the stressful nature of the situation.

More implementations include real-time storing and processing of recorded videos into databases, and automatic delivery of said recordings to the emergency contacts at the completion of the recording.

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