• Clarity of Problem • Mosquito-borne diseases are a major public health problem worldwide. Diseases such as West Nile disease, malaria, dengue fever and Chikungunya fever are undergoing a resurgence and redistribution under global climate change. Mosquito-borne diseases continue to be a serious public health problem and have caused substantial morbidity and mortality in recent years. • Each February, with warmer temperatures and rainfall, students from The University of Newcastle return to campus to face plague proportion mosquitoes. The common scent of the students is that of Citronella, Aero-guard and Aussie Mosquito Repellent. • They spray, they swipe, they swear and they share!

• Vision / Solution • The university should purchase mosquito repellent textiles and create a range of protective clothing for students to wear. The finish may also be painted onto walls in classrooms. • The university sells logo polo shirts. Why don’t they use mosquito repellent fabrics which are readily available? • The university should produce a university protective clothing such as Polo shirts from mosquito repellent textiles. They could further produce a range of clothing and accessories including tops and bottoms, lightweight tracksuit pants, gym and yoga tights, shorts, hats, caps and oils. • Wearing scented oils mosquitoes dislike such as, citronella, can be one way to keep them away from your skin and blood. Oils and diffusers could be sold and placed in university rooms.

• End-user / Customer • To ensure safety, we could use smart protective textiles technology. The protective textile field of the smart textiles has created a mosquito repellent textile that protects the human beings from the bite of mosquitoes and thereby promising safety from the diseases. • The cost should be minimal and an online campus advertising campaign would solution students of the benefits of wearing protective textiles. • To impart this character a finish of the mosquito repelling agent is given to the textile material. Research and development has resulted in the application of chemicals on textiles which sustains this characteristic and provides reasonable wash fastness whilst considering the ecological and economical aspects.

• Realistic • Students already purchase logo polo shirts and it would be a minimal change to use and advertise mosquito repellent textiles which are readily available. • To impart the mosquito repellent feature, the textile material is given an anti-mosquito finish with an agent. This agent is capable of being used on textiles without spoiling their characteristics and has good washing fastness. These finishes may also be anti-bacterial and anti-fungal as well as heat and cold resistant. • It repels mosquitoes by processing fibre using organic compounds. The treatment is by dipping and spraying fibres and fabrics and is very safe (using the same component as insect-repellent spray content), It has good fastness to laundering. • The main use in garments and the materials used are cotton, polyester and their blends.

• Responsible • Ecological and economical aspects are a priority and should be imparted through natural sources to maintain an ecological balance. • Currently, ecologically friendly finishes, added to fibres are readily available at a reasonable price. • Future use of Neem leaves as a protective textile is under investigation.

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