MEANING:Covid19-is a virus spread through droplets of an infected person who sneezes or coughs.It could be contracted in a close range of 2 metres.

However,Coronavirus Disease 2019, or COVID-19, is an infectious acute respiratory disease caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Initially identified in Wuhan, China, COVID-19 rapidly became a global pandemic as of 30th January 2020 and is still ongoing. Worldwide, around 8 million cases of COVID-19 have been confirmed with around 450,000 deaths (as of June 2020).


According to the NHS (UK), the 3 main symptoms of COVID-19 are: 1)Fever – a high temperature >37.8OC/100OF (~86-88% of reported cases) 2)Dry Cough – a new continuous cough that occurs regularly throughout the day (at least 3 coughing episodes per 24 hours) (~69%) 3)Smell and Taste – a noticeable new loss in the sense of smell and taste (variable estimates – data still emerging) However, not all affected individuals may display all 3 of these symptoms. Often, 1 of the 3 symptoms may be sufficient. Furthermore, according to the CDC (US), additional symptoms may include 1 or more of the following symptoms, which may occur in a subset of affected individuals: 4)Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing (~22%) – depends on the severity of disease i.e. in more severe disease this is very common Fatigue (tiredness) (~35-39%) 5)Muscle and body aches (~16-36%) Headache (~12%) Sore throat (~12%) 6)Nausea or vomiting (~4-6%) 7)Diarrhea (~5%) 8)Congested or runny nose (~3%) Many of these symptoms are also the same for influenza (flu) and cold. The main distinction between flu and COVID-19 is that flu symptoms usually begin abruptly within 1-4 days whereas COVID-19 symptoms develop gradually over 2-14 days. Symptoms such as a runny or congested nose, in addition to body aches and pains, are more common in flu than in COVID-19. The symptoms of COVID-19 typically disappear within 14 days after initial symptoms, and this is the basis of self-isolation, or quarantine, as imposed by many nations to combat local epidemics. Although for the vast majority of people, symptoms disappear within 14 days, there may be some cases where symptoms do not disappear and worsen that may require hospitalization. *Note – as COVID-19 is a new disease and the global pandemic is still ongoing, the exact symptomatic statistics may change as more evidence emerges. Furthermore, more symptoms may be added to the list in the coming months.


The covid-19 pandemic and related lockdown measures have produced significant interruptions in young people’s lives, the impact of which is still to be analysed and understood in the future. One youth research approach to developments in young people’s lives is to look at transitions to adulthood and autonomy. For example, when growing up, young people transition to education, to employment, towards economic and financial independence, or to establishing their own family, to getting the right to vote... Covid-19 has put into question all these transitions. While on the one hand, there is an attempt to identify the best ways to deal with the crisis, and document these practices, there is also an understanding that we are entering not a short period but a longer era of new normality that young people will have to cope with. This new extended transition is also impacting the youth field actors, including policy-makers, practitioners, youth organisations and platforms for young people’s participation but also youth researchers. While there is a clear emergence of the digital youth work and increasing use of digital tools in working with young people within both formal and non-formal education across Europe, there is also an understanding that there are needs of young people that have not been responded to, leaving many to face on their own issues related to social exclusion, discrimination and a redefinition of social and safety nets. There are also questions about changing relationships and behaviour, changing perspectives on connection to friends and community, impact on well-being and mental health, employment, participation, activism, youth organisations and many other areas of young people’s lives


It is quite obvious that millions of people around the world are now confronted with the challenges of unemployment caused by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Whether it's temporary or permanent, unemployment can lead to stress, anxiety, depression and other mental health challenges. Uncertainty related to the COVID-19 pandemic only adds to the angst. If the COVID-19 pandemic has left you jobless, you may be experiencing many emotions and troubling thoughts. For example, you may feel the following impacts: 1)A loss of identity and sense of purpose. 2)Unappreciated, and you may no longer feel essential. 3)Angry, scared and jealous of others who can still work. 4)Lost, as if you don't know what to do next. 5)Worried about how you'll take care of yourself and your family and provide for basic needs. Not everyone will have these feelings, but even those coping well with unemployment may experience some of them sometimes.


There are several ways to alleviate you from these effects. *The first step in coping with the mental and emotional effects of unemployment is accepting that your feelings are normal. From there, try these steps to manage your thoughts and emotions. *Accept your feelings by remembering that you're human. This means you have a brain that's hard-wired to look for threats. When your brain spots a threat, such as unemployment, it sends signals throughout your body to gather resources to address it. This is known as the fight-or-flight response. Among other reactions, this response causes your pulse and breathing to quicken and your muscles to tense up. *When your brain kicks into high gear, take a deep breath. Step back for a moment. Accept that what you're feeling is normal. Give yourself credit for doing the best you can under the circumstances. *Acknowledge your grief If you've lost your job permanently or temporarily, grief is one of the most significant emotions you may feel. You may already know the stages of grief: denial, anger, bargaining, withdrawal and acceptance. You may experience stages of grief in the same way you would the death of someone you love. Address feelings of grief as you would with any other loss. Inaddition,among other losses, you may grieve activities at your job that bring meaning and purpose to your life. You may grieve career accomplishments you feel proud of, and feeling a sense of belonging and identity. You may also grieve a loss of relationships with co-workers and structure to your day. *Maintain perspective and try to keep in mind that the COVID-19 pandemic is causing many companies around the world to make difficult decisions. Keep in mind that staffing decisions are related to the COVID-19 pandemic, not your worth. *Seek out resources; If you're having trouble providing basic needs for yourself or your family and you need unemployment help, you can turn to community resources for assistance. Getting help with basic needs, such as food and shelter, can reduce the stress of unemployment. For example, local, state or government resources, such as food banks, may be available to help with meeting basic needs. In the United States,United Kingdom and others,you may be able to get affordable health insurance through if you've lost your health insurance coverage. Unemployment help may also be available. You may also be able to receive pandemic unemployment assistance if you can't work because of the COVID-19 pandemic. *UNICEF/UNESCO should rescue the youths, staying idle might spur them to robbery,rape and waywardness. *Assume the best in others Life during the COVID-19 pandemic can cause anxiety levels to rise for many people. This can lead to feelings of dread, sadness and hopelessness. If you're struggling, others around you may be, too. These feelings may cause people to say and do things you don't understand. When this happens, aim to assume the best in others. Try to have compassion, knowing that, like you, others are likely doing their best to manage their feelings in a time of crisis. *Use your energy wisely; What makes you feel energized or drains your energy? Try to do more of the things that boost your energy. For example, avoid being hard on yourself or focusing on your losses. Instead, be kind to yourself and find reasons to laugh. And just as you would if you were working, try to conserve your energy. For example, build breaks into your day instead of spending every moment searching for work. These breaks can also help you focus less on worries about the future. *Focus on the present moment; Try to bring your thoughts to the present. Focus on what you can control at this moment, rather than on concerns over your future. Focus on your breathing, what you hear or what you see. If you're moving your body, think about how it feels to swing your arms, for example. If your mind wanders to worries about your job or finances, try to gently guide it back to the things you have control over in the moment. As such,focusing your attention in these ways can help free your mind of thoughts causing feelings of stress and anxiety. *Find your value; If you connect your sense of self-worth to your work, look for new ways to realize the contributions you make to the world around you. You may try making lists about yourself, such as: 1)What you're good at 2)What you care about 3)What you know 4)What you can count on within yourself This can help you remember you always have these qualities, whether you're working or not. Importantly,take care of yourself,If you're unemployed due to the COVID-19 pandemic, remember that while you can't control what happens to you, you can control how you respond. Try these strategies to take care of your mental and emotional health as you navigate the days ahead. In the other hand,If someone you know has been laid off:

  1. Don’t assume you know what they need: Everyone’s situation is a little different, and your perception of a person’s needs may not actually be what they are. Amanda Clayman, a psychotherapist and financial wellness advocate at Prudential, says that losing work isn’t a problem that can be solved overnight. “Sometimes [our assumptions] may be very wrong, and it’s more likely that they will take the shape of our own fears of what they want from us,” she says. Clayman says a healthy way to ask what your loved one needs is to listen to your conversations and see what they bring up, whether it is emotional or financial support. Not all help is financial, of course — especially if you are also struggling. “If your friend is in a bad place and you want to help, you can say, ‘I want to help, but I’m worried about the position I’m in, too,’” Clayman advises.

  2. Be there for them — again and again: This period of self—isolation can be pretty lonely, and not everyone will need the same kind of interaction. As with many kinds of crises, including death, job loss and illness, Clayman says that loss of friendship is a painful part. “We are afraid of being overwhelmed, we don’t know what to say, we don’t have the power to fix it,” she says. Not every conversation needs to be about the biggest things that are going on. “You can send a funny meme or a gif,” Clayman says. “Signaling your availability is the most important thing to do, even if [the interaction] didn’t go as you hoped.”

  3. Respect your loved one’s boundaries — and your own: If you want to help someone you’re close to, you need to be in tune with their needs and boundaries as well as yours, according to Clayman. “That doesn’t mean we have to react or overreact, but we can recognize the boundary and identify what that feeling is.” If you are living with a roommate, family, member or partner who has been laid off, make sure that you can take space from each other by talking to friends to express your worry in a healthy way. If you can get a little physical space, by taking a walk or exercising safely outside, take advantage of that opportunity. Moreso,if you want to help those in your community who are out of work:

  4. Check in with your neighbors If you already know your neighbors, feel free to offer help with things like groceries or errands, if you can. If not, offering items may be a better approach than offering financial support out of the blue. If you live in a big city and don’t know your neighbors, social media apps like Nextdoor can help connect you to other home-bound residents. You can also use traditional social media apps like Facebook, Twitter and Instagram to see if there are others in your area that are in need. Moreso, if you can’t donate financially, you may be able to donate unwanted goods through apps like Freecycle or the Buy Nothing Project.

  5. Donate to your community foundations Demetra Nightingale, a labor and employment researcher and fellow at the Urban Institute, says there’s a great need for community organizations that provide social services as well as employment help. “Donations of food, supplies or donations of financial resources, or a donation of time, that’s important,” she tells NBC News. She notes that some of those organizations may have been left out of federal relief funding and donations matter now more than ever. If you do have the means to lend financial support, you can do so through local food banks or community organizations that help people in need. Follow the #ShareMyCheck initiative on social media for ideas on where to donate, if you are financially stable and can do so.

  6. Offer your own expertise pro bono Whether or not you’re still employed, you might have some skills that someone else needs. “This is a good time to prepare for the future if you’re unemployed,” Nightingale says. You can offer to review resumes, help the older or less computer-savvy file for unemployment benefits online or give whatever you’ve got. “Whether it is legal help, teaching or tutoring, or group instruction, that can be shared more broadly in our communities,” Nightingale adds.


Protect yourself and others from the spread of COVID-19. You can reduce your chances of being infected or spreading COVID-19 by taking some simple precautions such as: *Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water. Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses that may be on your hands. *Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and others. Why? When someone coughs, sneezes, or speaks they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain virus. If you are too close, you can breathe in the droplets, including the COVID-19 virus if the person has the disease. *Avoid going to crowded places. Why? Where people come together in crowds, you are more likely to come into close contact with someone that has COVID-19 and it is more difficult to maintain physical distance of 1 metre (3 feet). Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth. Why? Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and infect you. *Make sure you, and the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene. This means covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then dispose of the used tissue immediately and wash your hands. Why? Droplets spread virus. By following good respiratory hygiene, you protect the people around you from viruses such as cold, flu and COVID-19. *Staying home is safer and self-isolate even with minor symptoms such as cough, headache, mild fever, until you recover. Have someone bring you supplies. If you need to leave your house, wear a mask to avoid infecting others. Why? Avoiding contact with others will protect them from possible COVID-19 and other viruses. *If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention, but call by telephone in advance if possible and follow the directions of your local health authority. Why? National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on the situation in your area. Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also protect you and help prevent spread of viruses and other infections. *Keep up to date on the latest information from trusted sources, such as WHO or your local and national health authorities. Why? Local and national authorities are best placed to advise on what people in your area should be doing to protect themselves.


*To protect yourself and others against COVID-19, clean your hands frequently and thoroughly. Use alcohol-based hand sanitizer or wash your hands with soap and water. If you use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer, make sure you use and store it carefully. *Keep alcohol-based hand sanitizers out of children’s reach. Teach them how to apply the sanitizer and monitor its use. *Apply a coin-sized amount on your hands. There is no need to use a large amount of the product. *Avoid touching your eyes, mouth and nose immediately after using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer, as it can cause irritation. *Hand sanitizers recommended to protect against COVID-19 are alcohol-based and therefore can be flammable. Do not use before handling fire or cooking. *Under no circumstance, drink or let children swallow an alcohol-based hand sanitizer. It can be poisonous. *Remember that washing your hands with soap and water is also effective against COVID-19.

INSPIRATION: It has not been easy

for me writing on this project; importantly,I source out some resources publicly- researches of my state library. External Community resources such as WHO,NCDC ( Nigerian Centre for Disease Control)and research on Unemployment status in America due to the pandemic.Researches from UNICEF and UNO on Covid19 was good sources for me.US Bureau of labor and Statistics.Canada Unemployment Rate and Covid-19 impact on Uk-Youths.


It is encouraging and will inspire anybody reading it.


Writing a project needs a focus.I was conscious on what to write to entice my readers.


In the beginning,it was difficult for me to decide on what to write, how to write it and organize the ideas but I summoned up courage, with my years of experience in Writing.


Obviously, I'm proud of this project, in the imagery, it's self explanatory.


I learned in this story that being jobless is not being hopeless.One can still cope with the challenges of COVID19.


It remains publication and i am coming up with another project titled " Child's trafficking and ways of eradicating it.

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✓EDUCATION( FROM DISRUPTION TO RECOVERY) Most governments around the world have temporarily closed educational institutions in an attempt to contain the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic. These nationwide closures are impacting over 60% of the world’s student population. Several other countries have implemented localized closures impacting millions of additional learners. UNESCO is supporting countries in their efforts to mitigate the immediate impact of school closures, particularly for more vulnerable and disadvantaged communities, and to facilitate the continuity of education for all through remote learning.

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