Inspiration

Whenever we speak about privacy we consider it a topic important to us. We give away our privacy on a daily basis and as the saying goes “if you are not paying for the product, then you are the product”. Securing your digital communications should be your highest priority when going online. There are too many threats to trust any company with your private data. Blockchain has always offered the promise of enabling private, immutable W2W communication while retaining data and identity ownership, it is by design the perfect privacy tool. However, it could never really take off due to early-generation blockchains' scalability and cost constraints. We believe that TRON more than meets all the main parameters (i.e. network decentralization, stable performance, low transaction cost, fast transaction finality) to support private on-chain communication. At the same time, its thriving ecosystem would benefit from the social dMail & dChat communication layers.

Background key points:

  • Privacy & anonymity today are an illusion
  • The right to privacy should be above all and provided for all online communications
  • Untraceable private E2EE communication has remained an elusive goal
  • Blockchain protocols offered great promise but scalability, throughput and cost were always an issue
  • Web3 projects & DAOs all use Web2 communication tools, which goes against the decentralization ethos
  • Immutable on-chain W2W email & messaging is prime to become the future of secure private communication

Solution key points:

  • Establishing a Web3 communication TRON MainNet and DAppChain framework that is web, desktop & mobile interoperable
  • Bringing social communication to the Web3 Ecosystem
  • E2EE secure, immutable, censorship-resistant, scalable & accessible »on-chain« email & messaging
  • Web3 wallet login, no signup or personal information
  • Resistant to data mining, data tracking, email spoofing & identity theft
  • Private, group & community messaging
  • Curated chat groups
  • File & media sharing via decentralized storage
  • Stand-alone app, White-labels & SDKs
  • Interoperable with all major Tron wallets

What it does

HolaChain is a next-gen Web3 framework that enables users to send, receive dMails or exchange on-chain messages with no ads, no data mining & no tracking, while SDKs & white labelling enable direct dMail & dChat integration into Web3 partner UIs or wallets.

How we built it

HolaChain is an application-specific brand spin-off built on the 4thTech framework, that has been in the making since 2018. There are two TRON deployment possibilities. The deployment on TRON MainChain or the deployment on DAppChain, the sidechain of TRON.

Privacy by design was our guiding approach, that simply means that we put consideration how we could preserve privacy, guarantee protection, and obfuscate metadata to the largest possible degree at the forefront of all our Architectural decisions. At the same time, no personal data whatsoever is collected by the protocol.

The framework consists of six main parts. Due to the sheer size of the project, the TRON dMail (i.e. FOURdx Protocol) was developed for the hackathon. The dMail is fully developed, deployed on TRON Nile & Shasta TestNets and ready for TRON MainChain. Other solutions are in development and a part of the project roadmap.

⚙️ (1) FOURdx Protocol (EVM SC): Solidity-based E2EE email protocol resilient to data mining & spoofing, that enables users to share content, files and media from wallet to wallet. FOURdx docs

  1. dMails are encrypted with AES encryption
  2. All encrypted attachments are stored on either 4thTech temporary GDPR compliant cloud storage or permanent decentralized storage
  3. A JSON metadata file is created that includes sender and recipient details, dMail subject, content, and attachment details (i.e. name, stored location, and checksum).
  4. A JSON metadata file is encrypted with AES encryption and stored in storage.
  5. A JSON metadata file URL & checksum are sent to TRON Smart Contract.
  6. After transaction finality, the recipient Client B load and decrypt a JSON metadata file and loads and decrypt all the attachments.

File encryption example:

// Symmetric encrypt
const symKey = crypto.randomBytes(32);
const iv = crypto.randomBytes(16);
const cipher = crypto.createCipheriv('aes-256-cbc', symKey, iv);

const symEncrypted = Buffer.concat([cipher.update(fileData), cipher.final()]).toString(
    'base64',
);

// Asymmetric encrypt - encrypt just symmetric key & iv
const key = new NodeRSA();
key.importKey(publicKey, 'pkcs8-public');

const symPrefix = `${symKey.toString('base64')}:${iv.toString('base64')}`;
const encrypted = key.encrypt(symPrefix, 'base64');

// Join asymmetric and symmetric part
const data = Buffer.from(`${encrypted}:${symEncrypted}`);

Save to blockchain:

// Save data to blockcahin
const txDetails: TransactionDetails = await blockchainService.sendDocument(
    envelope.sender.account,
    envelope.recipient.account.address,
    envelopePath,
);

Smart Contract link: FOURdx SC

⚙️ (2) FOURim Protocol (EVM SC): Solidity-based W2W messaging protocol that enables on-chain E2EE private messaging, group chat & curated community chats. FOURim docs

⚙️ (3) FOURid Protocol (Typescript, Vue.js): Serves as a public key exchange point between users and connects wallets during the dMail & dChat data exchange process. FOURid docs

⚙️ (4) UI platform (Typescript, Vue.js): Written with TypeScript, a superset of JavaScript and utilises Vue 3 framework. Serves as HolaChat native UI and White-label GUI framework. UI platform docs

⚙️ (5) SDK framework (Typescript): EVM dMail & dChat SDK framework enables back-end partner integration into their UIs or Wallets.

⚙️ (6) Encryption (AES, ECDH): While the message or email is encrypted with Advanced Encryption Standard (i.e. AES), the Elliptic-Curve Diffie-Hellman (i.e. ECDH) key agreement protocol is used for generating a secret key (i.e. used in AES encryption). The implementation of the Elliptic-Curve Diffie-Hellman protocol will enable the interoperability of HolaChain communication protocols with popular TRON Web3 wallets. Encryption docs

We were thinking about a two-step approach to TRON deployment:

Due to TRONs EVM interoperability, tested network resilience, security, low TX cost and fast transaction finality we see real TRON MainChain integration potential that could enable:

  • Social dMail & dChat layers with private & secure W2W on-chain communication
  • dMail & dChat SDK framework for direct back-end integration into ecosystem partners UIs or Wallets
  • W2W exchange of data & media via BTFS decentralized storage

In step 2, we believe that an application-specific TRON sidechain (e.g. HolaChain) is needed to enable stable, scalable, and even lower-cost blockchain infrastructure to power the future on-chain W2W communication. Due to TRON dAppChain EVM interoperability, TRON MainChain shared security and battle-tested design framework, we see real integration possibilities for;

  • Web, mobile & desktop dMail & dChat framework at scale
  • SDK dMail & dChat framework for web, mobile & desktop
  • Low-cost W2W exchange of data & media via BTFS decentralized storage also suitable for Enterprise

Tokenomics:

There are two approaches to project tokenomics;

  • In the case of TRON MainChain deployment fees are charged in TRX (i.e. one, email or one message = one transaction), while the protocol charges an additional service fee. The service fee is charged on-chain and represents a small % of the transaction cost.

  • In the case of HolaChain DAppChain the Hola token utility is quite straightforward. The token would be used as gas while also having governance functions.

4thTech genesis asset (i.e. FOUR token) is designed to enable multi-chain dMail & dChat SDK partner incentive staking with fee discounts. SDK partners will also be eligible for additional revenues in the form of smart contract fee sharing (i.e. to ensure true on-chain privacy, 4thTech protocols are transaction heavy as every message or email represents its own transaction).

Challenges we ran into

We spent over four years developing the 4thTech multi-chain communication building blocks, which are built around privacy and ecosystem integrations deployed on various Layer 1s. As time passed, some of the chosen L1s did not pan out due to interoperability or scalability issues. So the main challenge is to find the most suitable underlying network that would fit all the main requirements and make on-chain private communication usable at scale.

E2EE group messaging was always difficult to achieve, this goes for Web2 and especially for Web3. Developing the tech to support on-chain E2EE group messaging was a challenge in itself. We solve it by random generation of the secret key, that is used to encrypt/decrypt messages. The secret key is distributed to all group members and separately encrypted with Advanced Encryption Standard (i.e. AES) over the Elliptic-Curve Diffie-Hellman (i.e. ECDH) key agreement protocol.

This opens a whole new chapter in Web3 on-chain communication and could disrupt traditional Web2 communication platforms.

Accomplishments that we're proud of:

⚡️ 2018: Ethereum dID, dMail, dNotary mainnet deployment (EVM, Solidity)
⚡️ 2020: SI-Chain dID, dMail, dNotary deployment (EVM, Solidity)
⚡️ 2020: Tolar HashNet, dID, dMail, dNotary (EVM, Solidity)
⚡️ 2021: Edgeware, dID, dMail, dNotary (Substrate, Rust)
⚡️ 2021: Solana, dID, dChat, dMail, dNotary (Rust)
⚡️ 2022: Moonbeam, dID, dMail, dNotary (EVM, Solidity)
⚡️ 2022: EVMOS, dID, dMail, dNotary (EVM, Solidity)
⚡️ 2022: TRON, dID, dChat, dMail, dNotary (EVM, Solidity)

What we learned

  • Blockchain has always offered the promise of enabling private, immutable W2W communication while retaining data and identity ownership, it is by design the perfect privacy tool.
  • Due to stability and scalability issues, early generation blockchains can not sustain the on-chain communication infrastructure.
  • User migration from “free” but not private Web2 communication platforms to payable but private Web3 infrastructure will be challenging, so new incentive onboarding models will have to be introduced.
  • With the rise of privacy awareness and Web3 adoption in general, the on-chain W2W email & messaging could become the dominant communication and as such can become the future of private online communication. The privacy and security of Web3 native features are just too good to be overlooked.

What's next for HolaChain, privacy-enabled W2W communication infrastructure

With foundations covered, there is still much work to be done:

Q2 2022 HolaChain dMail TRON TestNet (done)
Q3 2022 Elliptic-Curve Diffie-Hellman (ECDH) key agreement protocol integration, dChat EVM SC, HolaChain dChat TRON TestNet
Q4 2022 E2EE chat groups, decentralized storage, white-label & SDK, HolaChain dMail & dChat Tron MainNet
Q1 2023 Broadcasting Web3 dMail to SMTP client

How to test?

Step 1: DL & setup FOURwaL (follow the link below)
Step 2: Login to the 4thTech staging UI or login to TRON White-label TestNet (follow the links below)
Step 3: Airdrop TRON TestNet tokens to the FOURwaL account (address available in the accounts tab)
Step 4: Click the “dMail” TAB
Step 5: Add new contact by pasting the FOURwaL TRON TestNet recipient address
Step 6: Start sending dMails
Step 7: Check your transactions by clicking on the Explorer links available in the UI

🔗 FOURwaL Chromium DL
🔗 FOURwaL Mozilla DL
🔗 TRON dMail & dChat White-label UI
🔗 UI-staging
🔗 TestNet token mint

💡 Note: Minimum TRON Shasta TestNet token balance is needed to send or receive TRON TestNet dMails!

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